As I said a couple of weeks ago, I am putting up a page that is a list of various books I have read over the last few years in my search for information or education about something related to genealogy and my family lines.  The page is called Pat’s Book List and you can find it here.  This post is a brief introduction to my list.

I have thought about making a list of useful resources, websites, or genealogy and reference books that I use but decided to start that I would make a list of the books about an aspect of history and the fiction that have felt educational to me.  I often look for a book to help fill in some of the context of a person or line I am researching.

Several of the books on my list were written by journalists who were interested in a topic for one reason or another.  These are difficult to categorize as non-fiction or fiction, being based in historical materials but often extended to imagined conversations.  Some of the other books are straightforward fiction but I think are based in enough reality to be helpful in providing some picture of what a situation might have been like.

I know that there are at least a couple of books I have left off this list, so I will be updating it periodically.  If you have any suggestions about something I should read, or have comments about any of the books already on the list, please leave me a comment.  Here’s to summer reading!

Fireworks on the Charles River

Fireworks on the Charles River By Pablo Valerio (Own work) [CC BY 3.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons

June was a busy month with not a lot of very focused genealogy work taking place.  I read a packet of materials I inherited from my father about Titus Salt and more about Titus’s work and Saltaire.  I put a couple of techniques together and came up with a way I can fairly satisfactorily digitize my daguerreotype collection (as described in the post before this one).  I had a lovely long telephone chat with my youngest brother.  I sent my male Denman cousin a short article by Elizabeth Jones who runs a One-Name study for the Denmans and also a DNA study.  I am hoping he’ll eventually be interested in participating in the DNA study.  (It could answer several burning genealogical questions about our Denman line.)  I’m always reticent about approaching cousins to do testing (which gets in the way).  I also got a good start on what I am going to put up here as a new page (rather than a post) with a list of books I have found interesting and educational in my genealogical research.

In July I will write a short post about this and publish the page at that time.  I’m looking forward to adding to the list over time too.

I will decide how I’m going to organize my research goals for a trip to Salt Lake City later with Judy.  We have agreed that we will try to pull off a trip in September, so I need to get going!

I will continue to enter the birth records I have for each family into my RootsMagic database if they’re not already entered, and attach any digital images.  I will make sure to share the fact with anyone else on the record, and make sure that the metadata on the image is filled in (where I found the image, etc.).  I will try *not* to chase down the always-attractive rabbit holes as I verify the source of the image if it isn’t already there.

Leaving for a vacation and will be back in the middle of the month.  Happy summer, everyone!

Since I don’t have any research at a point that I can write about it, I thought I would put together what I have learned about using my cellphone camera to digitize a picture or document and my trying the system out on some daguerreotypes.

I am very lucky in having a small (I think the number is 32 or 36) collection of family daguerreotypes.  For several years now I have been periodically thinking about how to protect them in storage and how to digitize them without harming them.  For now at least I solved the storage issue with an archival carton and trays that fit inside (made for storing other objects but with dividers making sections about the right size for one of the cased images).

I still have trouble with the distinction between a daguerreotype and an ambrotype, and am not sure I can reliably tell the difference (they are two different methods of producing a photographic image) and I think that at least some of what I have are ambrotypes.  There is also some possibility that there is a cased tintype or two as well.  Nonetheless, my concerns are the same in terms of protecting in storage and in terms of digitizing.  These are unique original images, either printed on a silver plate or on glass, or possibly on iron.

If you go searching on the Internet about digitizing daguerreotypes, there is a fair amount of opinion and information, although you have to dig some to find any real detail about how to do it.  I gather some people have a way to use a scanner and others use cameras.  I decided to try combining what I discovered about using my cellphone to photograph things like business cards and documents with the cell phone (or iPad).  It is an ingenious concept that works very well for many documents and pictures.

Some time ago I ran across a genealogy blog (perhaps reported on a Facebook group) that posted a simple technique that seemed like even I could use it.  If you’re interested in what I think is the first report of using this method, it is here.  The basics involve a wire mesh locker shelf which has holes about an inch across and which stands about a foot high.  You simply place your cell phone or iPad with its camera directly over an opening and put the item to be photographed or scanned below it.  Both blogs I just mentioned show clear pictures of the set-up.  I particularly like the genealogist’s refinement of using the voice command to take the picture, so you don’t have to touch the camera possibly creating movement.

There are some limitations to using this particular method over a standard copy-stand.  You cannot use a camera (unless it doesn’t have an extending lens) so you are restricted to what your phone or tablet can do.  Likewise, the height above what you are copying is fixed, so you have to use the camera’s zoom to focus on smaller objects and you can’t copy oversize books, pages or pictures.  I have a much shorter rack that is similar, sitting about 3 inches above the surface which is good for small images (business cards for example).

copystand work aroundWhen I started to test this set-up with my daguerreotypes, I found that even in daylight with no flash I was getting reflections because of the glass coverings.  So then I remembered the advice to use a piece of cardboard covered with black velvet and a hole for the lens, so I dug out a couple of scraps of black velvet (I have lots of scraps because I usually don’t throw pieces away when I have made something).  And voila!  This seems to work well and now all I have to do is figure out which to use the short stand for and which to use the taller one for.  This is what my set-up looks like with the taller stand.

Having at least temporarily figured out a way to digitize the collection as it is, I plan to eventually contact the Northeast Document Conservation Center which is conveniently located not too far from me about whether they can advise me about cleaning, preserving, more professionally digitizing, etc. this collection.  I have also joined the Facebook group for The Daguerreian Society and am enjoying learning and seeing many different images.  I don’t know that I will join those who collect them as objects but I do love having my collection of family images.

I can’t believe that June is here already!  Peony - 2015 05 31And our weather recently has been just gorgeous.  I’m making it a point to notice and enjoy the sun and the moderate temperatures.  As you can see, my peony is just about to burst into bloom.

I have continued to add to my side of the cousin residences list but haven’t finished that project.  Turns out that there are a lot of city directories available for Syracuse in the time period we’re looking at.  I also did listen to the audio version of My Promised Land and learned a lot about Israel and its history.  Fascinating, and it kept me listening during my commute for several weeks.  I have been thinking but not doing anything about planning for a research trip to Salt Lake City.

So, in June, I plan to:

1. create a new page of my favorite books, those I have read recently and found helpful in some way with my genealogy research and understanding my families.

2.  start listing/writing what I want to look for in Salt Lake City.  I particularly hope to be able to track some of my English Denman family, and to acquire images for some of the vital records of direct ancestors I haven’t been able to get online.

3.  make a plan for the blog for July.  Since I will be gone the first two weeks, I need to plan ahead and (hopefully) have posts ready to go before I leave.

4.  something that counts as organizing my genealogy files.  I haven’t figured out what yet, but am going to re-watch the video that Dear Myrtle and Cousin Russ put out about researching a single record group.  Perhaps I will take a similar tack and try cleaning up a single record group across all my surnames instead of starting with a surname and cleaning all of it up.  That might make sense

My father, like some others with the Salt surname, wanted to believe that he was related to Sir Titus Salt.  In my father’s case I think he was attracted not merely to the title of this Englishman, but to his history as a businessman and builder of a relatively enlightened community for his employees.  My father, educated at Antioch College, was very interested in co-operative and other innovative work settings.

He got more interested in the family name as he got older – as is true for many people.  He had been raised on family stories, but mostly not stories about his Salt family.  However, that was the name of his father, and the name he carried, and the name he was passing to his sons (not to mention his daughters), and so he was interested.


By Illustration from Harper’s Monthly, vol. 44, 1872. [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Titus Salt (1803-1876) was an industrialist, a manufacturer of textiles in Yorkshire, England.  He eventually built a mill and then a model village, named Saltaire, in Yorkshire near Shipley.  He was also an MP and held a variety of civic offices.  He was created a Baronet in 1869.

Unfortunately, it is not at all certain that Titus was related to our Salt family, and he was certainly not a direct ancestor.  Our Salt progenitor, Edward, was in Virginia before the American Revolution and likely born sometime between about 1750 and 1760.  While the family myth does include the possibility that he was from someplace in Yorkshire, there is no evidence of his birth or his parentage as of yet.  By these tokens (and by his birth date of 1803) Titus could only be a collateral relative and the common ancestor would have been probably 2 generations back at least.  I wish I knew.

Despite there being a number of books, pamphlets, and other resources that give information about Titus Salt, there is only a little to be found (at least at a distance) about his family origins.  His father was Daniel Salt and his mother Grace Smythies.  Titus was born in 1803 in Morley, Yorkshire, England.1  Daniel and Grace (both born about 1781) were married in July 1802 so Titus was their first child.2  Daniel and Grace went on to have at least five other children, only one of whom was another son.  They seem to have gone back and forth between Church of England and non-conformist or independent churches, with the children showing christenings in several different places.

Daniel was probably born in 1780 or 1781, to a Titus Salt.  There is a christening in Leeds, Yorkshire, in 1781 that is likely to be him.3  His father, Titus, is harder to follow but seems to have married more than once and to have died in 1804 in Hunslet and to have been buried at St. Peter’s in Leeds, Yorkshire, England.   This Titus, reported variously by family trees online to have been born between 1724 and 1750, would be about the right generation to have been a sibling or cousin of my ancestor Edward.  However, so far there is no sighting of any siblings or parents for this Titus.  There is a will for this Titus, which is held at the National Archives at Kew that I have not yet seen.

The later-Sir Titus and his father worked together in textile manufacturing for a brief time, and then Titus moved out on his own.  He was reportedly a very private man about his personal life and most of what has been written about him is related to his development of textile manufacturing and his creation of the model village of Saltaire between 1850-1871.  Saltaire was designed by architects and laid out to include the basic necessities of life.  It was “on the River Aire about three miles from Bradford, on the edge of the Yorkshire Moors, and below the traditional recreational area for Bradford people, Shipley Glen.” 4

The village of Saltaire in Yorkshire has been thought to be the namesake of Saltair in Clermont county, Ohio where our Salt family line settled and built a large house.  This is another family myth I think.  I don’t know when Saltair in Ohio was named but the house was finished in about 1825 or so, long before Titus Salt had built his village.


  1. “England and Wales Non-Conformist Record Indexes (RG4-8), 1588-1977,” index, FamilySearch ( : accessed 15 May 2015), Tittus Salt, 09 Nov 1803, Baptism; citing p. 138, Morley, Yorkshire, record group RG4, Public Record Office, London.
  2. “England Marriages, 1538–1973 ,” index, FamilySearch ( : accessed 15 May 2015), Daniel Salt and Grace Smithies, 02 Jul 1802; citing , reference ; FHL microfilm 1,470,313.
  3. “England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975,” index,  FamilySearch ( : accessed 15 May 2015), Daniel Salt, 26 Jul 1781; citing SAINT PETER,LEEDS,YORK,ENGLAND, reference ; FHL microfilm 918,375.
  4. Reynolds, Jack.  1976.  Saltaire. An Introduction to the Village of Sir Titus Salt.  City of Bradford Metropolitan Council Art Galleries and Museums.

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