I recently found Bernard Freund on the 1940 census and discovered a new fact.  He was an attorney for the National Labor Relations Board at about the same time as my father-in-law.

When I went back and read the letter from his wife Ruth Field Freund to my sister-in-law I was informed that Ruth and my mother-in-law (the mystery woman, Sarah Riddner) had become good friends along with being cousins and visited each other as young women.  From this I began to wonder if my in-laws, young marrieds themselves, introduced Bernard to Sarah’s cousin Ruth.  [Now that I think of it, I wonder if my sister-in-law was named after Ruth Field.]

This introduction would have made some sense, but as I discovered, it wasn’t how it happened.  Through doing an online search for Bernard Freund, I discovered that there is a collection of oral histories at the Ball State University library Special Collections that covers the history of Muncie, Indiana.  Muncie is where the Freunds lived and raised their family.  This oral history collection includes the MIddletown Jewish Oral History Projects, Pts 1 and 2 and these collections have two oral interviews by Bernard Freund about his family and one by his mother (Pearl Cohen) as well.  The transcriptions are very interesting and provide a picture of what it was like to be Jewish in Muncie in the 1940s-late 1970s.  They also provide, with some focused reading, names and activities of other relatives of the Freunds and Cohens.

In talking about the social life in Muncie and the social scene for the Jewish community, Bernard included how he happened to meet the woman he later married, Ruth Field of Fort Wayne.  He said there was an organization called the Indiana Union of Jewish Youth, which had (he said) come into being to help young Jewish people from various cities meet each other.  Most of the Jewish communities in Indiana were not very large and the young people found it difficult to meet others when they were interested in dating or getting married.

Bernard was not specific about when he met Ruth Field, but he was traveling for the NLRB until after the 1940 federal census was taken,  They may well have met before that, since he talked about visiting both Muncie and Chicago.  Ruth visited with her cousin Sarah (my mother-in-law) during the late 1930s in Chicago and she was a student at University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, graduating (I think) in about 1938/1939.  Sarah Riddner had studied in Chicago in 1937 and 1938 although we don’t know much about her experiences there.  Ruth Field Freund’s letter to my sister-in-law said that she stayed at Sarah’s apartment several different weekends and that they shared a common woman friend in the young woman who later married Dr. J. Masserman, a local and noted psychiatrist.

By the 1940 federal census, Ruth Field was lodging in Clawson village in Michigan (described as part of the greater Detroit area) and teaching school in one of the public schools. I don’t know what she taught, or for how long.  However, she and Bernard were married in September 1941 so my guess is that she only taught for a year or two.

The big accomplishment in September will be my trip to Salt Lake City and the Family History Library (which, yes, I am really looking forward to!).  I will spend the time in September before the trip adding to and refining my plans in terms of what I want to accomplish.  I start out the month with a spreadsheet (very incomplete) that lists my direct relatives, what vital record is missing, and a film number that I think will contain the image of the certificate or register I want to look at and copy.

Number one on my priority list is to get as many pieces of direct evidence for the missing births, marriages, and deaths as I can.  This will include my husband’s family lines as well.  I know there are some images available at the Library that are not indexed or even browseable online yet (and I would have requested them using the old photocopy request form in the past, but the Library doesn’t do that anymore).

Along with film numbers I need to refresh my knowledge of when various jurisdictions started requiring registration for vital life events.  Some of my missing information is likely to take more creativity to find the evidence.

My second item is to gather similar information for my English Denman line and for the Titus Salt line I am exploring.

My third item is to look at other materials (e.g., compiled genealogies, local histories, etc.) to see what I can add to my knowledge base.

Oh dear, as I look at my spreadsheet today, I realize how much more work I need to do before the trip.  So I am going to stop writing about it (or talking about it) and go do it.  Yes, I will.

This is a work in progress as I work to track the Riddner family that my mother-in-law was part of.  [I have written a couple of past posts about Sarah and her family, here and here.]

Sylvia, Sarah, and Tillie, 1922

Sylvia, Sarah, and Tillie, 1922

In 1974 my sister-in-law started researching her mother’s (Sarah Riddner) early life.  She wrote a lot of letters to all the related people she knew about and asked them what they knew about her mother as a young girl or young woman..

In November 1974 one of the Field cousins answered her letter and provided 2 and a half typewritten pages of what she knew about my mother-in-law and the Riddner family.  This cousin was one of the children of Clara Riddner Field, who was the younger sister of Ben Riddner (Sarah’s father).  Ben Riddner and his second family lived in Ft. Wayne Indiana as did the Field family.  Sarah had been born and raised in Milwaukee so the Fields only saw her occasionally, however this cousin had been closer to her in adolescence and spent time with her in Chicago.

Sometime between 2002 and 2011 I had conversations with my sister-in-law about the family history, and she finally found the letters she had gotten and let me read and copy them.  The tidbit I first followed was the Field cousin saying that her mother had cousins in West Hartford, Connecticut names Leah Portner and Helen Seltzer.  So I went looking for census records and – bingo! – found Helen (Ellen) and her husband Isidore Seltzer living in West Hartford in 1920 with Leah and Abraham Portner’s family, and listed as cousins.   I also found the Seltzer family in the 1930 census in Hartford.  This was 2007 and that was about as far as censuses would take me.  In 2011 I did some more internet searching, having connected a family picture tentatively with the Portners, and I continued some searching on the Seltzers as well.  The Connecticut Death Index showed me that Helen Seltzer’s maiden name was Rudner. .At that point I dropped the ball and did not pursue the likelihood that Rudner and Ridner were the same name.  I didn’t make the connection.  In 2013 when the 1940 census became available, I found both the Portners and the Seltzers living in Hartford or West Hartford but again didn’t pursue them further.

Then this summer I started again trying to put the pieces together and discovered some new sources.  Of course there are many more online databases to search and I have found some useful evidence.  The research question I am focusing on now is: how is Helen Ridner related to Benjamin and Clara Riddner?  I have gotten Isidore Seltzer’s naturalization papers and his World War II military service record from the State of Connecticut which both give Helen’s name and a date of birth, with the place of her birth given as “Russia” with no town given.  So far none of the evidence gives a clue about where in Russia she came from or was born.

I have a list of places I need to look for information (and more will likely occur to me as I look).  I need to comb the Steve Morse and Ellis Island sites for Helen’s entry to the U.S.  A passenger list might just give me the name of the town she came from.  I have looked quickly and did not find her, but haven’t yet dug deeper.  I also have the name of her mother who was living with her in 1930 so I can look for her migration.  I think I have to go to the Town Clerk’s office to look at/obtain a copy of her death certificate, which might provide some information.  I will pull her marriage license and certificate from the microfilm in Salt Lake City in September when Judy and I go.  I have made a first attempt to contact the cemetery where she is buried to see what information they might have.

IMGP1496I’m hearing choruses of locusts on my morning walks these days and being transported back to my childhood days in the middle of Indiana.  The weather has felt a lot like my childhood memories as well:  hot and very humid.  Thankfully I now have air-conditioning which we didn’t when I was a child.  And it is certainly a nice contrast to the very cold and snowy winter just past.  I am reminded to slow down and pay attention to my surroundings.

It feels like I need to change my monthly title and theme for these posts.  I don’t seem to follow the goals I set very faithfully.  This makes me think that I need a reboot or “do-over” of this idea as well as of my genealogy.  I don’t know yet what I might try or even what I really want this regular post to accomplish, so it will be a work in progress.

August is shaping up nicely as a relatively quiet month, broken most noticeably by a visit from my sister-in-law and her grandson.  This is a major deal around here!  I also have a visit to the National Archives at Boston again with a friend planned toward the end of the month.  I am working to make connections in my husband’s family tree with three families in Connecticut who might have been cousins on his mother’s side.  Since this is a line we know very little about I am excited to try to find out more.  I did get the naturalization papers for each family from the Archives and need to find out what other resources are available.

Judy and I have locked in a week to go to Salt Lake City to the Family History Library and I am very excited!  I have a picture in my mind about how I want to organize my planned research.  Now to see if I can make it real.  I have started to list the different areas I want to research (e.g., missing vital record for my direct lines) and am collecting film numbers from familysearch.org.   I am using Evernote for this collection.  I envision creating a spreadsheet or list that includes the person’s name and the record to be found and the film number.  Maybe I need the location of where the record was created (like state and county).  I think if I can at least start with a spreadsheet I can then sort and see where I have more than one item from the same film.  Sounds good, right?  Doing this is my major goal for August, since we’re planning to go in September.

As I said a couple of weeks ago, I am putting up a page that is a list of various books I have read over the last few years in my search for information or education about something related to genealogy and my family lines.  The page is called Pat’s Book List and you can find it here.  This post is a brief introduction to my list.

I have thought about making a list of useful resources, websites, or genealogy and reference books that I use but decided to start that I would make a list of the books about an aspect of history and the fiction that have felt educational to me.  I often look for a book to help fill in some of the context of a person or line I am researching.

Several of the books on my list were written by journalists who were interested in a topic for one reason or another.  These are difficult to categorize as non-fiction or fiction, being based in historical materials but often extended to imagined conversations.  Some of the other books are straightforward fiction but I think are based in enough reality to be helpful in providing some picture of what a situation might have been like.

I know that there are at least a couple of books I have left off this list, so I will be updating it periodically.  If you have any suggestions about something I should read, or have comments about any of the books already on the list, please leave me a comment.  Here’s to summer reading!